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Injection-Induced Earthquakes

Article Background: Human-induced earthquakes have become an important topic of political and scientific discussion, owing to the concern that these events may be responsible for widespread damage and an overall increase in seismicity.

It has long been known that impoundment of reservoirs, surface and underground mining, withdrawal of fl uids and gas from the subsurface, and injection of fluids into underground formations are capable of inducing earthquakes. In particular, earthquakes caused by injection have become a focal point, as new drilling and well-completion technologies enable the extraction of oil and gas from previously unproductive formations.



  1. Mechanics of Induced Earthquakes
  2. Earthquakes Induced by Hydraulic Fracturing
  3. Earthquakes Induced by Deep Injection
  4. Lessons from Three Case Studies of Deep,
  5. High-Volume Injection
  6. Other Causes of Induced Earthquakes
  7. Hazard and Risk of Induced Earthquakes
  8. Unknown Knowns
  9. Reducing the Risk of Injection-Induced Earthquakes


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