More than a decade of large-scale development in North America has left a legacy of environmental damage, primarily resulting from the use of high-volume horizontal hydraulic-fracturing (also known as ‘fracking’) to extract the unconventional oil and gas. Despite the controversy surrounding this technique, the numerous unknowns and uncertainties concerning its impacts and the growing number of questions about the economic benefits of this industry, oil and gas operators are eager to identify new opportunities and so are engaged in a battle to make fracking publicly and socially acceptable worldwide.
Main researcher: Andy Gheorghiu.
Authors: Andy Gheorghiu, Antoine Simon, Helen Burley.
Editors: Helen Burley, Paul de Clerck, Paul Hallows.