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This report explores how revenue from a fracking tax could bolster vital public services if it is not used to finance income tax cuts that would mostly benefit wealthy Ohioans, as Gov. John Kasich has proposed. The Ohio General Assembly should consider an adequate tax on oil and gas extraction to help restore local jobs, schools and services and assist communities impacted by drilling.

Clean air is essential to good health and a basic human need. EU law has recognised this need and given legal protection to it through directives and court judgments.

Putting the Law to Work in Our Communities

A Citizen’s Guide to Environmental Protection and Justice in Georgia, USA.

The development of extensive environmental regulation over the last three decades has afforded many Americans a sense of security, a  security born of the belief that environmental laws will effectively protect them from toxic chemicals and pollutants.

This is a legal paper that looks at the impact that natural gas drilling has on various towns in the USA and what can be done within an US legal context. Although written for the US many good points are included that may be used within an EU legal context. Written in 2009 it is still a very good resource.

Download the paper in the attachment section below in PDF format

The extraction of shale gas--natural gas found in deep layers of shale rock formations--is on the rise in many states. Gas drilling companies will likely drill tens of thousands of wells by 2020. The Obama administration's Blueprint for a Secure Energy Future identifies shale gas reserves as an important new energy source as the U.S. transitions from its heavy reliance on oil to a "clean energy future."

Land, water, and air are affected by the Marcellus Shale natural gas extraction process. However, the level of impact on all three vital resources can be alleviated by responsible decision-making of companies, governments, and individuals. All Pennsylvanians can be part of promoting responsible decisions through advocating for carefully written leases, enforceable state and federal regulations, and on-going monitoring.

Unconventional natural gas development has grown rapidly in the United States in recent years, driven largely by production from shale and tight sandstone formations. Although the pace of development will continue to ebb and flow with gas prices, production will almost certainly continue rising in the coming years.

New York State has been negligent in its performance of stewardship duties with regard to the consideration of hydrofracking. This failure in its service to the people of New York cannot be attributed solely to the wording of its environment conservation law.

Protecting Our Local Roads

The 2011 Revised Draft Supplemental Generic Environmental Impact Statement on the Oil, Gas and Solution Mining Regulatory Program (rdSGEIS) for high-volume hydraulic fracturing (HVHF) has identified a number of impacts that HVHF will have on local roads, and has proposed measures to mitigate them.

On May 31, 2013, the Illinois Senate passed SB1715, the Hydraulic Fracturing Regulation Act, by a vote of 52-3, the day after it passed the House by a vote of 108-9.

In New York and Pennsylvania, the public debate about the prospect or continuation of high volume hydraulic fracturing for shale gas has revolved around its environmental impacts, particularly its effects on water quality, while taking as a given that exploitation of this new natural gas asset will produce significant economic benefits for the states’ economies.

There are engineering, logistical and legal obstacles to insuring good management of local roads in the face of the high-intensity truck travel associated with Marcellus Shale gas drilling.

This paper provides estimates of the effects of in utero exposure to contaminated drinking water on fetal health.

Natural gas has emerged as an increasingly attractive source of energy since it is highly efficient, abundant, and cleaner than any other fossil fuel. In this paper, we examine the impact of widespread adoption of natural gas as a source of fuel on infant mortality in Turkey, using variation across provinces and over time in the intensity of natural gas utilization.

Using property value data from New York and Pennsylvania to look at the impacts of proximity to a shale gas well on home values, experts find that the effects differ depending on whether homes have access to piped water versus well groundwater. (Published in the American Economic Review)

While shale gas development can result in rapid local economic development, negative externalities associated with the process may adversely affect the prices of nearby homes.

Depending on where and how it’s done, natural gas drilling does have the potential to impact Pennsylvania’s waterways, an independent study reveals.

State and national children’s advocates and child health groups today called on New York State officials to broaden their assessments of the impacts of high volume hydraulic fracturing (hydrofracking) as a method of tapping underground natural gas deposits to include child health impacts and impacts on schools.

Public Schools vs. Shale Gas Pipelines

High Volume Gas Metering Station to be a Stone’s Throw from Northeastern PA Elementary, Middle and High School Campus.

Pennsylvania's smallest - and most vulnerable - citizens deserve clean air and methane-free water fountains when they go to school, right? Are we seriously at the point where we're knowingly exposing school children to toxic air pollution, potential water contamination and massive truck traffic? Apparently, we are.

This research brief discusses findings from a survey of 940 school district superintendents, high school principals, high school directors of curriculum and instruction, and directors of Career and Technology Centers (CTCs) across the 17 intermediate units located within Pennsylvania's Marcellus shale region.

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