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Should fracking stop?

Article in 2011 Macmillan Publishers Limited. Extracting gas from shale increases the availability of this resource, but the health and environmental risks may be too high.

In this paper we review the phenomena of hydro ‘‘fracking’’ operations for oil and gas in the United States. We provide background information on fracking, a summary of federal and state fracking disclosure and management regulations, and an evaluation of the potential surface and subsurface effects.

The Urgent Case for a Ban on Fracking

A report by Food & Water Watch - an organisation that works to ensure the food and water we consume is safe, accessible and sustainably produced.

2010 - National Wildlife Federation. The BP catastrophe in the Gulf of Mexico, with its tragic loss of life and devastating impact on the Gulf Coast economy, has brought the risk and high cost of oil development to the public’s attention.

Third edition - October 2015. Since its original release on July 9, 2014, by Concerned Health Professionals of New York, the Compendium has been used and referenced all over the world. It has been independently translated into Spanish and adopted for use in the European Union, South Africa, the United Kingdom, and Australia.

Hydraulic fracturing, also known as fracking, is an intensive industrial process used to extract oil and gas, and typically involves millions of gallons of water mixed with dangerous chemicals. The result: toxic waste, air pollution, thousands of truck trips, excessive noise and other impacts to humans and wildlife.

Drilling in California: Who’s at risk?

As new drilling and stimulation techniques, including hydraulic fracturing (‘fracking’), are heralded as the key to unlocking a new oil boom in California, there is mounting evidence that these technologies, and the expansion of oil and gas development that they enable, threaten public health.

This report should be read keeping in mind that it is a "Pro-fracking" report and should be analysed to understand the arguments used by institutions that are in most cases funded by government or the oil and gas industry, or by both. This report was made available in 2012.

Although shale drilling operations for oil and natural gas have increased greatly in the past decade, few studies directly quantify the impacts of shale development on plants and wildlife.

The potential environmental impacts of hydraulic fracturing (“fracking”) as they relate to human health have been discussed at great depth, but there are relatively few major federal laws governing fracking activities.[1]

High-volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing (HVHHF) occurs at increasing density across potentially 280,000 km2 of the eastern United States
underlain at depth by the natural gas–bearing Marcellus and Utica shales. These industrial installations and their edge effects alter as much as 80% of local landscapes.

Wednesday, 03 October 2012 By Zia Swim and Dina Rasor, Truthout | Solutions

While a drilling company with an erratic history and cavalier leadership leverages expansion of its onshore operations with ocean drilling by the risky and increasingly notorious method of hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, regulators are looking the other way.

The global development of ‘unconventional’ fossil fuels (UFF) such as shale gas has provoked much debate involving scientists,
industry, political decision-makers, environmental groups and civil society.

In “The Disappearing Delta,” “Fault Lines” investigates the impact of the fossil fuel industry on Louisiana’s disappearing coastline — and examines a new frontier of oil exploration: fracking in the Gulf of Mexico.

SAN FRANCISCO (Feb 2015) — The Center for Biological Diversity sued the U.S. Interior Department today (see PDF) for violating three federal laws by rubberstamping offshore fracking off California’s coast without analyzing fracking pollution’s threats to ocean ecosystems, coastal communities and marine wildlife, including sea otters, fish, sea turtles and whales.

Environmentalists filed a federal lawsuit in Washington, DC on 8 January 2015 in an attempt to force the United States government into disclosing details about any hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, being done in the Gulf of Mexico.

November 2012 - Commissioner Overview

If someone had said eighteen months ago, that I would be releasing a report on fracking, I would have looked at them in puzzlement. How quickly things change.

A Report from the Center for Biological Diversity - September 2014.

Californians recently discovered that oil companies have fracked more than 200 offshore wells along the state’s southern coast. Offshore fracking blasts water and industrial chemicals into the seafloor at high pressures to crack rocks and release oil and gas.

Eastern states from New York to West Virginia are undergoing largescale development of natural gas resources from the Marcellus shale.

The United Kingdom (UK) is presently set to expand ‘hydraulic fracturing’ of shale formations (‘fracking’) as a means of extracting unconventional gas.

Report for European Commission DG Environment - AEA/R/ED57281 Issue Number 11 Date 28/05/2012

Exploration and production of natural gas and oil within Europe has in the past been mainly focused on conventional resources that are readily available and relatively easy to develop. This type of fuel is typically found in sandstone, siltstone and limestone reservoirs. Conventional  extraction enables oil or gas to flow readily into boreholes.

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