Legal opinion prepared by the law firm Philippe & Partners - Brussels, 8 November 2011 for the Directorate-General for Energy in the European Commission and expresses the opinion of the organisation undertaking the study.
This report explores the environmental risks and climate change implications arising from shale gas extraction. It also outlines potential UK and global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the exploitation of shale reserves. A report by researchers at the Tyndall Centre University of Manchester
The authors evaluate the greenhouse gas footprint of natural gas obtained by high volume hydraulic fracturing from shale formations, focusing on methane emissions.
A Market Approach to Regulating the Energy Revolution: Assurance Bonds, Insurance, and the Certain and Uncertain Risks of Hydraulic Fracturing by David A. Dana & Hannah J. Wiseman
by Dusty Horwitt, J.D. - Environmental Working Group - December 2011
In this paper we review the phenomena of hydro ‘‘fracking’’ operations for oil and gas in the United States. We provide background information on fracking, a summary of federal and state fracking disclosure and management regulations, and an evaluation of the potential surface and subsurface effects.
2010 - National Wildlife Federation. The BP catastrophe in the Gulf of Mexico, with its tragic loss of life and devastating impact on the Gulf Coast economy, has brought the risk and high cost of oil development to the public’s attention.
Third edition - October 2015. Since its original release on July 9, 2014, by Concerned Health Professionals of New York, the Compendium has been used and referenced all over the world. It has been independently translated into Spanish and adopted for use in the European Union, South Africa, the United Kingdom, and Australia.
Hydraulic fracturing, also known as fracking, is an intensive industrial process used to extract oil and gas, and typically involves millions of gallons of water mixed with dangerous chemicals. The result: toxic waste, air pollution, thousands of truck trips, excessive noise and other impacts to humans and wildlife.
As new drilling and stimulation techniques, including hydraulic fracturing (‘fracking’), are heralded as the key to unlocking a new oil boom in California, there is mounting evidence that these technologies, and the expansion of oil and gas development that they enable, threaten public health.
This report should be read keeping in mind that it is a "Pro-fracking" report and should be analysed to understand the arguments used by institutions that are in most cases funded by government or the oil and gas industry, or by both. This report was made available in 2012.
Although shale drilling operations for oil and natural gas have increased greatly in the past decade, few studies directly quantify the impacts of shale development on plants and wildlife.
The potential environmental impacts of hydraulic fracturing (“fracking”) as they relate to human health have been discussed at great depth, but there are relatively few major federal laws governing fracking activities.
High-volume horizontal hydraulic fracturing (HVHHF) occurs at increasing density across potentially 280,000 km2 of the eastern United States
underlain at depth by the natural gas–bearing Marcellus and Utica shales. These industrial installations and their edge effects alter as much as 80% of local landscapes.
Wednesday, 03 October 2012 By Zia Swim and Dina Rasor, Truthout | Solutions
While a drilling company with an erratic history and cavalier leadership leverages expansion of its onshore operations with ocean drilling by the risky and increasingly notorious method of hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, regulators are looking the other way.
The global development of ‘unconventional’ fossil fuels (UFF) such as shale gas has provoked much debate involving scientists,
industry, political decision-makers, environmental groups and civil society.