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SAN FRANCISCO (Feb 2015) — The Center for Biological Diversity sued the U.S. Interior Department today (see PDF) for violating three federal laws by rubberstamping offshore fracking off California’s coast without analyzing fracking pollution’s threats to ocean ecosystems, coastal communities and marine wildlife, including sea otters, fish, sea turtles and whales.

Environmentalists filed a federal lawsuit in Washington, DC on 8 January 2015 in an attempt to force the United States government into disclosing details about any hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, being done in the Gulf of Mexico.

November 2012 - Commissioner Overview

If someone had said eighteen months ago, that I would be releasing a report on fracking, I would have looked at them in puzzlement. How quickly things change.

A Report from the Center for Biological Diversity - September 2014.

Californians recently discovered that oil companies have fracked more than 200 offshore wells along the state’s southern coast. Offshore fracking blasts water and industrial chemicals into the seafloor at high pressures to crack rocks and release oil and gas.

Eastern states from New York to West Virginia are undergoing largescale development of natural gas resources from the Marcellus shale.

The United Kingdom (UK) is presently set to expand ‘hydraulic fracturing’ of shale formations (‘fracking’) as a means of extracting unconventional gas.

Report for European Commission DG Environment - AEA/R/ED57281 Issue Number 11 Date 28/05/2012

Exploration and production of natural gas and oil within Europe has in the past been mainly focused on conventional resources that are readily available and relatively easy to develop. This type of fuel is typically found in sandstone, siltstone and limestone reservoirs. Conventional  extraction enables oil or gas to flow readily into boreholes.

This is part 1 of a series of articles on Fracking the Farm.

Some farmers look at potential Marcellus shale drilling as a boon: Lease rentals and royalties could make it possible to pass the family farm to the next generation. Others fear that the highly industrialized drilling process will contaminate land, water, and, ultimately, the food we eat.

This is part 2 of a series of articles on Fracking the Farm.

In June, the Pennsylvania Association for Sustainable Agriculture (PASA) asked Pennsylvania’s governor and legislature to place a moratorium on unconventional gas extraction (commonly called hydrofracking).

This is part 3 of a series of articles on Fracking the Farm.

On an August Sunday in 2009, Angel and Wayne Smith were relaxing on their porch after finishing the farm chores. Suddenly they heard an explosion.

The fracking boom hadn't begun yet in Pennsylvania when J. Stephen Cleghorn and his wife purchased a rundown 50-acre farm in Jefferson County with the intention of building it up into a certified organic farm selling vegetables and goat dairy products.

Environmental concerns surrounding drilling for gas are intense due to expansion of shale gas drilling operations. Controversy surrounding the impact of drilling on air and water quality has pitted industry and lease - holders against individuals and groups concerned with environmental protection and public health.

Injection-Induced Earthquakes

Article Background: Human-induced earthquakes have become an important topic of political and scientific discussion, owing to the concern that these events may be responsible for widespread damage and an overall increase in seismicity.

Fracking and Earthquakes

Fracking, a process that intentionally causes thousands of “microearthquakes” when the rock containing oil or gas is fractured apart is shaking things up — literally. Fracking, along with the disposal of toxic fracking waste through underground injection control wells has been linked to induced seismicity — in other words, to human-caused earthquake activity.

Causal factors for seismicity near Azle, Texas

In November 2013, a series of earthquakes began along a mapped ancient fault system near Azle, Texas. Here we assess whether it is plausible that human activity caused these earthquakes.

In response to complaints by domestic well owners regarding objectionable taste and odor problems in well water, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency initiated a ground water investigation near the town of Pavillion, Wyoming under authority of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act.

Comprehensive summary of science, facts & documents relating to groundwater contamination & methane migration from coal bed methane and hydraulic fracturing in the US and Canada 1985 - 2013. Jessica Ernst

Jan 2015 - Doctors for the Environment (Australia) is a non-profit, non-politically aligned, independent, national organisation of medical doctors which advocates on health issues due to environmental factors.

Review of hydraulic fracturing in Tasmania (2014)

The industrialisation of the rural landscape brought about by unconventional gas (UG) activities with its associated air and water pollution, would significantly damage the Tasmanian environment andr its reputation as the ‘clean green isle’, without adding substantial economic or social benefits.

This report analyses recently released 2013/14 National Pollutant Inventory (NPI) data for air pollution from CSG processing in the Darling Downs, and discusses implications for community health and government policy.

As one of the least economically diverse states in the nation, West Virginia relies heavily on its natural resources for revenue. Funds from these resources fluctuate and, one day, will be gone. As the Marcellus “Gold Rush” comes to West Virginia, it is time for policymakers to consider establishing a permanent mineral trust fund in West Virginia, similar to what six other states have done.

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