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When a drilling project has been approved, site surveys should always be performed to minimise the risk of harm to personnel and equipment, and to protect the natural environment, although many oil and gas companies do not do so. Looking at the industry own reports on hazards, one get's a…
Oil companies are taking the controversial fracking operations from the land to the sea -- to the deep waters off the oceans in the Gulf of Mexico, North Atlantic, Eastern Mediterranean, East and West Africa as well as Brazil ... and now to the Portuguese coast as well?
Decommissioning of onshore facilities usually includes the complete removal of permanent facilities and well abandonment, including associated equipment, material, and waste disposal or recycling. Specific additional requirements to be considered for oil and gas facilities include well abandonment and pipeline decommissioning options.
If surface pits or ponds are used for wastewater storage or for interim disposal during operations, the pits should be constructed outside environmentally sensitive locations.
Spills from offshore facilities can occur due to leaks, equipment failure, accidents, or human error. Develop a spill prevention andcontrol plan. Additional spill prevention and control measures specific to offshore oil and gas facilities include:
Oil and gas development activities generating marine noise include seismic operations, drilling and production activities, offshore and nearshore structural installation (especially pile driving) and construction activities, and marine traffic. Noise from offshore activities (especially from seismic operations) can seriously harm fish and marine mammals, especially dolphins and wales.
Typical non-hazardous and hazardous wastes routinely generated at offshore facilities include general office and packaging waste, waste oils, oil contaminated rags, hydraulic fluids, used batteries, empty paint cans, waste chemicals and used chemical containers, used filters, fluorescent tubes, scrap metals, and medical waste, etc.
Produced water is water produced in association with crude oil, is by far the largest waste stream in most oil fields, accounting for up to 95% of total wastes. It is composed of a complex mixture of inorganic (dissolved salts, trace metals, suspended particles) and organic (dispersed and dissolved hydrocarbons,…
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  • ASMAA - Algarve Surf and Marine Activities Association
    NIPC: 510 381 952
    Tel: 00 351 282 182 103
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    Rua Dr. Alberto Iria
    Lote 12, R/C Esq
    Porto de Môs
    Lagos 8600-580
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